Appendix on Fascism
Some attempts to define fascism from various scholars and observers over the years.
More attempts to define fascism from various scholars and observers over the years
The Spirit of Capitalism And The Religion of Dehumanization
Spirit may be defined [in contrast to matter] as that which has its centre in itself . . . This self-contained existence of Spirit is none other than self-consciousness - consciousness of one's own being . . . It involves an appreciation of its own nature, and also an energy enabling it to realize itself; to make itself actually that which it is potentially.
-Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
Pan-Corporatism: Culture of Repression and Deprivatization
An examination of“corporatism” to understand another characteristic of corporatism other than the merging of Industry with the State—that other characteristic is corporatism's “repressive” quality. Let us examine the power of State Corporatism to use cultural values, norms, and customs to repress members of society.
Human Liberation and Revolt
The Antifascist: Herbert Marcuse (1898 to 1979).
Reclaiming The Issues: Islamic Or Republican Fascism?
Genuine American fascists are on the run, and part of their survival strategy is to redefine the term "fascism" so it can't be applied to them any more.
Fascism: Left Wing or Right Wing?
A very popular argument by the Right is say that the Nazis were Leftwing, when in fact they were Rightwing in both Germany and the United States.
Fascism Anyone? Laurence W. Britt
Comparison of Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, Franco’s Spain, Salazar’s Portugal, Papadopoulos’s Greece, Pinochet’s Chile, and Suharto’s Indonesia.
Umberto Eco: Eternal Fascism: Fourteen Ways of Looking at a Blackshirt
A list of features that are typical of what is referred to as Ur-Fascism, or Eternal Fascism.
Glen Yeadon: What Fascism Is and Isn't
The nature of fascism as an ideology and political system, and its historical development into the Third Reich with parallels to the current political developments and movements in America.
Totalitarian Decisionism & Human Rights: The Re-emergence of Nazi Law
An analysis of two aspects of fascism: irrationalism and decisionism.
Hitler's Theologians: Gerhard Kittel, Paul Althaus, and Emmanuel Hirsch
The Rise of Positive Muscular Christianity.
Nazi Leaders, Theism, and Family Values
According to standard biographies, the principal Nazi leaders were all born, baptized, and raised Christian. Most grew up in strict, pious households where tolerance and democratic values were disparaged. Nazi leaders of Catholic background included Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler, Reinhard Heydrich, and Joseph Goebbels.
The Nazi Concept of Propaganda
Goebbels gave a speech each year at the Nuremberg Rally, often focusing on propaganda. Here he presents Nazi propaganda as the model for the rest of the world, calling it the "background music" to government policy.